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  1. Senior Member JeanM's Avatar
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    #26
    What does the debug show, no dial peer found ?
    Do you get fast busy?

    I had similar issue, but not the same I don't think, that was resolved in my case after adding pots dial peer (vs. voip)
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  3. Senior Member sacredboy's Avatar
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    #27
    Quote Originally Posted by JeanM View Post
    What does the debug show, no dial peer found ?
    Do you get fast busy?

    I had similar issue, but not the same I don't think, that was resolved in my case after adding pots dial peer (vs. voip)
    It was a codec mismatch between IP phones and analog phones 729 vs 711.
    Best, sacredboy!
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  4. Senior Member sacredboy's Avatar
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    #28
    Guys, please help to configure CIPC in CME. I entered:
    ephone-dn 4
    number 1004

    ephone 4
    device-security-mode none
    mac-address BCAE.C551.F639 <- MAC address of my laptop with CIPC
    type CIPC
    button 1:4

    The laptop is connected to the network but CIPC doesn't work.

    This is what I can see in Status Messages on CIPC:
    TFTP Timeout
    No Trust List Installed
    No IPv4 TFTP Server

    Which VLAN should a laptop with CIPC belong to? Voice VLAN or Data VLAN?
    Last edited by sacredboy; 12-05-2014 at 04:03 PM.
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  5. Senior Member sacredboy's Avatar
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    #29
    Guys, besides the question above I also have one regarding ringtone. I've copied .raw file in flash:/ringtones folder and specified it in RingList.xml file which is also in flash:/ringtones. The ringtone isn't working. Should ringtones and RingList.xml be located in flash: but not in flash:/ringtones?
    Last edited by sacredboy; 12-05-2014 at 06:14 PM.
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  6. Senior Member
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    #30
    A laptop with CIPC should belong to data vlan. Make sure you can ping your tftp server from the laptop with CIPC.
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  7. Senior Member sacredboy's Avatar
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    #31
    Quote Originally Posted by davenull View Post
    A laptop with CIPC should belong to data vlan. Make sure you can ping your tftp server from the laptop with CIPC.
    The laptop is belonged to Data VLAN now but CIPC can't find TFTP and Preferences->Network on CIPC is not active (unavailable) for configuring.
    Best, sacredboy!
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  8. Senior Member
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    #32
    make sure you have option 150 set in the dhcp pool for the Data vlan as well
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  9. Senior Member sacredboy's Avatar
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    #33
    Quote Originally Posted by davenull View Post
    make sure you have option 150 set in the dhcp pool for the Data vlan as well
    It was an issue of permissions. I launched CIPC using "Run As" and the Network tab became available.
    Best, sacredboy!
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  10. Senior Member sacredboy's Avatar
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    #34
    Hello guys.

    For now I have my all 7960G IP phones working via SCCP. Is it possible to configure CME so that some phones to use SIP and other phones to use SCCP?
    Best, sacredboy!
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  11. Senior Member
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    #35
    Yes, voice register global and telephony-service can coexist but with some caveats, for example this one: https://supportforums.cisco.com/disc...teroperability
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  12. Senior Member sacredboy's Avatar
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    #36
    I mean, is it possible to have, for instance, ephone 1 and ephone 3 to use SIP and ephone 2 and ephone 4 to use SCCP. How to define explicitly which exactly phone should use either SIP or SCCP?

    BTW: One question regarding TFTP server. I'd like to use an external TFTP server rather than internal one on CME. For firmware that were hosted on CME router I'm using the following lines:
    tftp-server flash:FMW/7940-7960/P0030801SR02.bin alias P0030801SR02.bin
    tftp-server flash:FMW/7940-7960/P0030801SR02.loads alias P0030801SR02.loads
    tftp-server flash:FMW/7940-7960/P0030801SR02.sb2 alias P0030801SR02.sb2
    tftp-server flash:FMW/7940-7960/P0030801SR02.sbn alias P0030801SR02.sbn
    How to specify (which command I should use) the way to external TFTP server?
    Last edited by sacredboy; 07-06-2015 at 04:38 PM.
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  13. Senior Member
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    #37
    To use an external TFTP server you'll first need to specify that server's IP address in the option 150 under the dhcp scope configuration. You'll also need to tell CME to save config files to that tftp server by using cnf-file location tftp:// command under telephony-service for SCCP phones or tftp-path tftp:// command under voice register global for SIP phones.

    I haven't tried running both SCCP and SIP phones on the same router but you should be able to. To make CME support SIP phones you'll have to do a totally separate configuration which somewhat mirrors SCCP configuration. Here's a sample config from an 1861 router:
    Code:
    voice service voip
     allow-connections h323 to h323
     allow-connections sip to sip
     allow-connections h323 to sip
     allow-connections sip to h323
     h323
     sip
      bind control source-interface Vlan10
      bind media source-interface Vlan10
      registrar server
    !
    !
    voice register global
     mode cme
     source-address 10.0.10.1 port 5060
     max-dn 15
     max-pool 8
     load 7961 SIP41.9-4-2SR1-1S
     create profile sync 0201375098428007
    !
    voice register dn  1
     number 4001
    !
    voice register pool  1
     id mac 0017.95F5.4F1D
     type 7961
     number 1 dn 1
    as you can see:

    voice register global = telephony-service
    voice register dn = ephone-dn
    voice register pool = ephone

    To make sure specific phones use SCCP or SIP you'll need to configure your ephones and voice register pools with the correct mac addresses before you boot the phones. Run create cnf-files and create profile under telephony-service and voice register global, respectively, after you added the phones mac addresses too.
    Last edited by davenull; 07-06-2015 at 10:44 PM.
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  14. Senior Member sacredboy's Avatar
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    #38
    OK, for now the TFTP server is installed and configured; firmwares are moved; option 150 tftp_ip_address is configured with external TFTP address, cnf-files location TFTP tftp://ip_address/directory is configured. But how to specify which firmware a phone (a model of phone) should load and the way to a firmware? When firmwares are stored in CME flash, it is specified in the following way:

    tftp-server flash:FMW/7940-7960/P0030801SR02.bin alias P0030801SR02.bin
    tftp-server flash:FMW/7940-7960/P0030801SR02.loads alias P0030801SR02.loads
    tftp-server flash:FMW/7940-7960/P0030801SR02.sb2 alias P0030801SR02.sb2
    tftp-server flash:FMW/7940-7960/P0030801SR02.sbn alias P0030801SR02.sbn

    But how it works with an external TFTP server?
    Last edited by sacredboy; 07-13-2015 at 08:16 PM.
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  15. Senior Member
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    #39
    Here's how it works I think:

    1. You specify load 7960 P00308010200 under telephony-service for SCCP phones or load 7960 P0S3-8-12-00 under voice register global for SIP phones.
    2. You configure your phones under ephones (SCCP) or voice register pools (SIP) with their mac addresses and type.
    3. You run create cnf-files or create profile. When you run this command CME is going to create a config file for every configured phone and it's going to store that config on the external tftp-server (in our case). That file will also include the version of firmware the phone is supposed to run. The config file is of the format SEP<mac_address>.cnf.xml for a SCCP phone and SIP<mac_address>.cnf for a SIP phone.

    The phone knows the tftp server's address and it's programmed to look for a config file with its own mac-address. However, phones are not aware of paths to the file; all they know is the ip address and what the file should look like. That's why you configure aliases on the CME router. You'd have to make all files available under the root directory of the external tftp server, or configure something like aliases on it as well, if possible.

    When the phone downloads its config file, it compares the firmware that it's running against the firmware that is specified in the file. It then downloads new firmware from the tftp server if needed.

    Here's some more information from Cisco:

    After a phone is reset or restarted, the phone automatically selects protocol depending on which matching configuration file is found first. To ensure that Cisco Unified IP phones download the appropriate configuration for the desired protocol, SCCP or SIP, you must properly configure the IP phones before connecting or rebooting the phones. The hunt algorithm searches for files in the following order:
    1. CTLSEP file for a SCCP phone—For example, CTLSEP003094C25D2E.tlv
    2. SEP file for a SCCP phone—For example, SEP003094C25D2E.cnf.xml
    3. SIP file for a SIP phone—For example, SIP003094C25D2E.cnf or gk003069C25D2E
    4. XML default file for SCCP phones—For example, SEPDefault.cnf.xmls
    5. XML default file for SIP phones—For example, SIPDefault.cnf.

    More info at:
    http://www.cisco.com/c/en/us/td/docs...m/cmefiles.pdf
    Last edited by davenull; 07-14-2015 at 05:42 AM.
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  16. Senior Member sacredboy's Avatar
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    #40
    davenull, thank you for your reply.

    Quote Originally Posted by davenull View Post
    1. You specify load 7960 P00308010200 under telephony-service for SCCP phones or load 7960 P0S3-8-12-00 under voice register global for SIP phones.
    Actually, I even didn't specify this line in my configuration on the CME and phones successfully found the firmware.

    Quote Originally Posted by davenull View Post
    The phone knows the tftp server's address and it's programmed to look for a config file with its own mac-address. However, phones are not aware of paths to the file; all they know is the ip address and what the file should look like. That's why you configure aliases on the CME router. You'd have to make all files available under the root directory of the external tftp server, or configure something like aliases on it as well, if possible.

    When the phone downloads its config file, it compares the firmware that it's running against the firmware that is specified in the file. It then downloads new firmware from the tftp server if needed.
    You know, if I store the firmwares in TFTP root directory then everything works fine. But I want to create own directory for every IP phone model. For example, /7960 directory for 7960 firmware and /7970. Which command or commands I should use in order to crate aliases on CME router?
    Best, sacredboy!
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  17. Senior Member
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    #41
    The reason the phones found their firmware is because CME comes with some firmware. You can see it in show telephony-service tftp-bindings.

    Use the same commands mentioned earlier, for example:

    tftp-server flash:7960/P00308010200.loads alias P00308010200.loads

    They are applicable only when the CME itself acts as a tftp server though.

    In case of an external tftp server I'm not aware of any command that would make a phone look in a specific directory on that server. It's the external tftp server's job to know aliases (if possible) for when a phone comes to look for a file. I looked around in tftpd64 but didn't see anything.
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  18. Senior Member sacredboy's Avatar
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    #42
    I faced with the problem with my Cisco 7970G IP phone which I'm trying to configure to work via SIP. Below is the part of my config:
    Code:
    tftp-server flash:/7970/SIP/apps70.9-4-2ES9.sbn alias apps70.9-4-2ES9.sbn 
    tftp-server flash:/7970/SIP/cnu70.9-4-2ES9.sbn alias cnu70.9-4-2ES9.sbn 
    tftp-server flash:/7970/SIP/cvm70sip.9-4-2ES9.sbn alias cvm70sip.9-4-2ES9.sbn 
    tftp-server flash:/7970/SIP/dsp70.9-4-2ES9.sbn alias dsp70.9-4-2ES9.sbn 
    tftp-server flash:/7970/SIP/jar70sip.9-4-2ES9.sbn alias jar70sip.9-4-2ES9.sbn 
    tftp-server flash:/7970/SIP/SIP70.9-4-2SR1-1S.loads alias SIP70.9-4-2SR1-1S.loads 
    tftp-server flash:/7970/SIP/term70.default.loads alias term70.default.loads 
    tftp-server flash:/7970/SIP/term71.default.loads alias term71.default.loads
    !
    voice service voip 
     allow-connections sip to sip 
     fax protocol cisco 
     sip 
      registrar server 
    ! 
    voice register global 
     mode cme 
     source-address 177.3.11.1 port 5060 
     max-dn 10 
     max-pool 5 
     load 7970 SIP70.9-4-2SR1-1s 
     tftp-path flash: 
     create profile sync 0078327219347302 
    ! 
    voice register dn  1 
     number 3002 
    ! 
    voice register pool  1 
     id mac 001F.9E26.4B8B 
     number 1 dn 1 
     codec g711ulaw

    The 1st problem is that phone is stuck with UNPROVISIONED error.
    The 2nd problem is that after erasing config section for SIP and entering lines for SCCP aliases I get the error (on screenshots).

    Could you please help me to solve this problem.
    Attached Images Attached Images
    Best, sacredboy!
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  19. Senior Member cisco_nerd's Avatar
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    #43
    I noticed that you have this:

    voice register global
    load 7970 SIP70.9-4-2SR1-1s


    but your TFTP alias is SIP70.9-4-2SR1-1S
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  20. Senior Member sacredboy's Avatar
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    #44
    It seems that the reason of the problem was the firmware and CME version incompatibility.
    Best, sacredboy!
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  21. Senior Member sacredboy's Avatar
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    #45
    Hi guys,

    I'm in the process of installing Cisco Unified CME but stucked in the very beginning. Below are the steps I have already taken:
    1. Checked CME compatibility matrix. As I have C2800NM-ADVENTERPRISEK9-M version 15.1(4)M10 IOS on my router then CME 8.6 version is compatible.
    2. Downloaded cme-151-4Mv1.zip
    3. Copied cme-151-4Mv1.zip to TFTP
    4. Run archive tar /xtract tftp://192.168.10.2/cme-151-4mv.zip flash:/CME

    However, I got:
    %Tar checksum error in tftp://192.168.10.2/cme-151-4mv.zip

    This is I suppose because I use tar command attribute but my cme file is in zip format. But on Cisco website there is no .tar file for CME 8.6. Also it's not clear what does "CME tar bundle for version 8.6 - cme-151-4Mv1.zip" mean.

    Could you please help me with is issue.
    Last edited by sacredboy; 06-04-2016 at 12:23 PM.
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  22. Senior Member
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    #46
    You don't really need to install CME. You've got an image that has VoIP, so you just need to type 'telephony-service' or 'voice register global' and CME activates. That zip contains firmwares, music-on-hold.au, and the archaic CME GUI that nobody uses.
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    #47
    Quote Originally Posted by sacredboy View Post
    Hi guys,

    I'm in the process of installing Cisco Unified CME but stucked in the very beginning. Below are the steps I have already taken:
    1. Checked CME compatibility matrix. As I have C2800NM-ADVENTERPRISEK9-M version 15.1(4)M10 IOS on my router then CME 8.6 version is compatible.
    2. Downloaded cme-151-4Mv1.zip
    3. Copied cme-151-4Mv1.zip to TFTP
    4. Run archive tar /xtract tftp://192.168.10.2/cme-151-4mv.zip flash:/CME

    However, I got:
    %Tar checksum error in tftp://192.168.10.2/cme-151-4mv.zip

    This is I suppose because I use tar command attribute but my cme file is in zip format. But on Cisco website there is no .tar file for CME 8.6. Also it's not clear what does "CME tar bundle for version 8.6 - cme-151-4Mv1.zip" mean.

    Could you please help me with is issue.
    You could extract that zip on your pc and convert it to a tar file then retry that command again. But there is no need to extract every file in that zip to your machine. Just upload the firmware for the phones you have in your lab and files related to the cme gui, ringtones, background.
    In life you have to make your own opportunities. Don't let anyone stop you from your dreams to many negative people want you to fail because they can't succeed.
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