Access to Resources
Windows XP includes Internet Explorer 6 by
default, which provides access to resources on the Internet
as well as the local computer and network resources such as
printers and shared folders. How you access a particular resource
depends primarily on what you put in the address bar. The
following paragraphs show the most common types of resources
you can access with Internet Explorer, including their corresponding
Websites – http://www.techexams.net
or http://220.127.116.11. When you use an URL or IP address
in the address bar, Internet Explorer assumes you want to
connect to an HTTP resource and will automatically use the
prefix http://. If you want to connect to a secure website,
use https:// instead. When you open a file by using the http://
prefix, Internet Explorer will learn the file type from the
MIME information it receives from the server, and will open
the file in the browser or start the corresponding application.
You can have Internet Explorer determine the file type on
it own, based on the extension and content, by using the file://
FTP sites – To access FTP
sites on remote server, use the following format: ftp://ftp.sitename.com
Many FTP sites automatically log you on as anonymous or a
prompt you to enter a username and password. You can logon
with a different account by choosing Login As from the File
menu. If you access an FTP site through a CERN-compliant proxy
server, you must supply the username and password in the URL
instead, for example: ftp://username:firstname.lastname@example.org
Shared Folders – To access
a file in a shared folder on a remote computer that is not
running any web services, use the same format as you would
in Windows Explorer, in other words, use the UNC path. For
example: \\fileserver1\sharedfolder\file1.doc. In addition
to accessing remote resources, you can also access local files
and folders in the same way as in Windows Explorer, for example,
by typing C:\Windows in the address bar.
Shared Printers – Besides
access to files and folders, you can use Internet Explorer
to access shared printers if the print server is running IIS.
For example, you can manage a printer shared as PSales and
documents in the printer’s queue by using the URL http://printserver1/PSales.
Read the Printing
TechNotes for more information.
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Internet Explorer 6.0 provides several customizable
security and privacy related settings. You can access these
settings by using the Internet Options control panel
applet, or by right-clicking the Internet Explorer icon on
the desktop and selecting Properties. A third option
is to click Internet Options in the Tools
menu in Internet Explorer. The following four tabs of the
Internet Properties are relevant to security and
The Security tab allows you to add
sites to different zones, each with its own customizable security
• The Internet zone contains all the web sites
you haven’t manually placed in other zones.
• The Local intranet zone contains local intranet
sites such as the sites configured to bypass the proxy server
and sites to which you connect by using an UNC path.
• The Trusted sites zone contains sites that
you explicitly add as trusted sites.
• The Restricted sites zone contains sites
you explicitly add as sites you do not trust.
For the latter three zones, you can use the
Sites button to add additional sites. For the Local
intranet and Trusted sites zone you can also specify
whether https:// should be required by enabling the option
Require server verification (https:)for all sites in this
zone. For each of these four zones, you can configure
the security level by clicking the Custom Level button
to open the Security Settings dialog box. Here you
can specify whether ActiveX, .Net, scripting, and file downloads
should be enabled, disabled, or whether the user should be
prompted before accepting these objects. Before you modify
the security settings for a particular zone to allow proper
access to a single web site, you should consider placing that
web site in another zone.
The Privacy tab allows you to configure
how Internet Explorer handles cookies for the Internet zone.
A cookie is a text file that a website stores on the local
computer to maintain information about a visitor’s session.
For example, if you enable the option to logon automatically
at the TechExams.net forums, a cookie will be placed on your
computer with the information required to automatically log
you on next time you visit the forums.
Internet Explorer makes a distinction between
two main type of cookies, first-party, which are
cookies from the same domain as the website you are viewing,
and third-party, which originate from another domain
and are used to provide third-party dynamic content. In the
Settings section of the Privacy tab, you can specify
one of the following privacy settings that determine which
cookies are accepted and which are rejected: Block all
cookies, High, Medium-High, Medium (default setting), Low,
and Accept All Cookies. Click the following link for
a complete description of each privacy setting: How
to Manage Cookies in Internet Explorer 6.
All cookies from sites in the Local intranet
and Trusted zones are automatically accepted, and
all cookies from sites in the Restricted zone are blocked.
Click the Edit button in the Web Sites section
to open the Per-Site Privacy Actions dialog box,
which allows you allow or block all cookies for individual
On the Content tab, you can enable
and configure the Content Advisor, which uses rating
systems to block sites with sexual, violent, and other type
of content you don’t want your kids to see. You can
configure a separate Supervisor password that can
be used to disable or change the settings of the Content
The most important security related options
on the Content tab are in the Certificates
section. When you click the Certificates or the Publishers
button, the Certificates dialog box will open allowing
you to view the currently installed certificates for trusted
certification authorities and trusted publishers. You can
also use Certificates to import and export personal
certificates and private keys, including those used for the
Encrypted File System (EFS).
The Advanced tab of the Internet
Properties provides additional miscellaneous security settings
concerning digital certificates, encryption, SSL/TLS versions,
and secure connections.
For more information about Internet Explorer,
including the changes and additions that came with Window
XP Service Pack 2, check out the Microsoft
Internet Explorer 6 Resource Kit.