XP includes Internet Explorer 6 by default, which provides access
to resources on the Internet as well as the local computer and network
resources such as printers and shared folders. How you access a
particular resource depends primarily on what you put in the address
bar. The following paragraphs show the most common types of resources
you can access with Internet Explorer, including their corresponding
– http://www.techexams.net or http://188.8.131.52. When you
use an URL or IP address in the address bar, Internet Explorer assumes
you want to connect to an HTTP resource and will automatically use
the prefix http://. If you want to connect to a secure website,
use https:// instead. When you open a file by using the http://
prefix, Internet Explorer will learn the file type from the MIME
information it receives from the server, and will open the file
in the browser or start the corresponding application. You can have
Internet Explorer determine the file type on it own, based on the
extension and content, by using the file:// prefix instead.
sites – To access FTP sites on remote server, use the
following format: ftp://ftp.sitename.com
Many FTP sites automatically log you on as anonymous or a prompt
you to enter a username and password. You can logon with a different
account by choosing Login As from the File menu. If you access an
FTP site through a CERN-compliant proxy server, you must supply
the username and password in the URL instead, for example: ftp://username:firstname.lastname@example.org
Folders – To access a file in a shared folder on a remote
computer that is not running any web services, use the same format
as you would in Windows Explorer, in other words, use the UNC path.
For example: \\fileserver1\sharedfolder\file1.doc. In addition to
accessing remote resources, you can also access local files and
folders in the same way as in Windows Explorer, for example, by
typing C:\Windows in the address bar.
Printers – Besides access to files and folders, you can
use Internet Explorer to access shared printers if the print server
is running IIS. For example, you can manage a printer shared as
PSales and documents in the printer’s queue by using the URL
http://printserver1/PSales. Read the Printing
TechNotes for more information.
Explorer 6.0 provides several customizable security and privacy
related settings. You can access these settings by using the Internet
Options control panel applet, or by right-clicking the Internet
Explorer icon on the desktop and selecting Properties.
A third option is to click Internet Options in the Tools
menu in Internet Explorer. The following four tabs of the Internet
Properties are relevant to security and privacy:
Security tab allows you to add sites to different zones,
each with its own customizable security level:
• The Internet zone contains all the web sites you
haven’t manually placed in other zones.
• The Local intranet zone contains local intranet
sites such as the sites configured to bypass the proxy server and
sites to which you connect by using an UNC path.
• The Trusted sites zone contains sites that you
explicitly add as trusted sites.
• The Restricted sites zone contains sites you explicitly
add as sites you do not trust.
the latter three zones, you can use the Sites button to
add additional sites. For the Local intranet and Trusted sites
zone you can also specify whether https:// should be required by
enabling the option Require server verification (https:)for
all sites in this zone. For each of these four zones, you can
configure the security level by clicking the Custom Level
button to open the Security Settings dialog box. Here you
can specify whether ActiveX, .Net, scripting, and file downloads
should be enabled, disabled, or whether the user should be prompted
before accepting these objects. Before you modify the security settings
for a particular zone to allow proper access to a single web site,
you should consider placing that web site in another zone.
Privacy tab allows you to configure how Internet Explorer
handles cookies for the Internet zone. A cookie is a text file that
a website stores on the local computer to maintain information about
a visitor’s session. For example, if you enable the option
to logon automatically at the TechExams.net forums, a cookie will
be placed on your computer with the information required to automatically
log you on next time you visit the forums.
Explorer makes a distinction between two main type of cookies, first-party,
which are cookies from the same domain as the website you are viewing,
and third-party, which originate from another domain and
are used to provide third-party dynamic content. In the Settings
section of the Privacy tab, you can specify one of the
following privacy settings that determine which cookies are accepted
and which are rejected: Block all cookies, High, Medium-High,
Medium (default setting), Low, and Accept All Cookies. Click
the following link for a complete description of each privacy setting:
to Manage Cookies in Internet Explorer 6.
cookies from sites in the Local intranet and Trusted
zones are automatically accepted, and all cookies from sites
in the Restricted zone are blocked. Click the Edit button
in the Web Sites section to open the Per-Site Privacy
Actions dialog box, which allows you allow or block all cookies
for individual web sites.
the Content tab, you can enable and configure the Content
Advisor, which uses rating systems to block sites with sexual,
violent, and other type of content you don’t want your kids
to see. You can configure a separate Supervisor password
that can be used to disable or change the settings of the Content
most important security related options on the Content
tab are in the Certificates section. When you click the
Certificates or the Publishers button, the Certificates
dialog box will open allowing you to view the currently installed
certificates for trusted certification authorities and trusted publishers.
You can also use Certificates to import and export personal
certificates and private keys, including those used for the Encrypted
File System (EFS).
Advanced tab of the Internet Properties provides additional
miscellaneous security settings concerning digital certificates,
encryption, SSL/TLS versions, and secure connections.
more information about Internet Explorer, including the changes
and additions that came with Window XP Service Pack 2, check out
Internet Explorer 6 Resource Kit.